Jerg Guthmann & Stefan Voigt: Militant constitutionalism: a promising concept to make constitutional backsliding less likely?

Constitutional democracy is in decline and many would-be autocrats try to transgress constitutional constraints. Here, we introduce the concept of militant constitutionalism, which suggests a number of constitutional rules that could make constitutions more resilient to attempts to undermine them. A first empirical evaluation, however, can link only few constitutional Read more…

Andreas Bergh & Anders Kärnä: Globalization and populism in Europe

Recent micro-level studies have suggested that globalization—in particular, economic globalization and trade with China—breeds political polarization and populism. This study examines whether or not those results generalize by examining the country-level association between vote shares for European populist parties and economic globalization. Using data on vote shares for 267 right-wing Read more…

Michael Munger & Georg Vanbger: Contractarianism, constitutionalism, and the status quo

The constitutional political economy (CPE) approach as developed by James Buchanan places emphasis on supermajority rules—in particular, a unanimity requirement for constitutional change. Critics argue that this approach “privileges the status quo” in two problematic ways: (1) alternatives are treated unequally because the status quo requires a smaller coalition to Read more…