Thomas Apolte/ Lena Gerling: Youth bulges, insurrections and labor-market restrictions

This paper analyzes the link between large youth cohorts and violent conflicts when labor-market restrictions are present. Such restrictions are expected to limit the youth cohort’s access to income opportunities in the formal economy, and thus lower the youth-specific opportunity cost of insurrection activities. We develop a theoretical model of insurrection markets and integrate the youth cohort’s relative size.

Niclas Berggren/ Christian Bjørnskov/ Therese Nilsson: Do Equal Rights for a Minority Affect General Life Satisfaction?

While previous research examines how institutions matter for general life satisfaction and how specific institutions embodying equal rights for gay people matter for the life satisfaction of gays, we combine these two issues to analyze how the latter type of institutions relates to general life satisfaction. The question is how Continue Reading…

Niclas Berggren/ Christian Bjørnskov: The Market‐Promoting and Market‐Preserving Role of Social Trust in Reforms of Policies and Institutions

Social trust has been identified as a catalyst for reforms. We take the literature further in two ways. First, we analyze mechanisms through which social trust enables liberalizing reforms—by overcoming obstacles in the political process (stemming from ideology, ideological fractionalization, coalition government, minority government, and legislature‐seat instability). Second, we define Continue Reading…

Niclas Berggren/ Christian Bjørnskov/ Therese Nilsson: What Aspects of Society Matter for the Quality of Life of a Minority? Global Evidence from the New Gay Happiness Index

There is great variation in views on and treatment of minorities such as gay men across the world. We are the first to pinpoint what features of societies are beneficial to gay men’s quality of life by using a unique new cross-country dataset covering 110 countries, the Gay Happiness Index. Continue Reading…

Niclas Berggren/ Henrik Jordahl/ Panu Poutvaara: The right look: Conservative politicians look better and voters reward it

Since good-looking politicians win more votes, a beauty advantage for politicians on the left or on the right is bound to have political consequences. We show that politicians on the right look more beautiful in Europe, the United States and Australia. Our explanation is that beautiful people earn more, which Continue Reading…